CONTROL OF COCOA PLANT (Theobroma cacao L.) PATHOGENS BY FUNGAL ENDOPHYTES FROM GENERA Trichoderma AND Clonostachys

Authors

  • ADRIANO OLIVEIRA AMORIM
  • RAVELY CASAROTTI ORLANDELLI Universidade Estadual do Paraná
  • JOÃO ALENCAR PAMPHILE

Keywords:

Endófitos, Controle biológico, Cacau, Vassoura-de-bruxa, Monilíase

Abstract

Endophytes are microorganisms that colonize the interior of plants without causing any damage, and this colonization can be observed by light or electron microscopy. Frequently, endophytic fungi produce substances that increase the defense against pathogens under adverse environmental conditions for both themselves and for the host. In this context, these fungi have a high biotechnological potential for the control of phytopathogens in agricultural crops, as they are capable of producing secondary metabolites that benefit their hosts in several ways. Fungal diseases are responsible for high losses in cocoa production, in addition to reducing planted areas in Brazil and Central and South America. This study conducted a literature review on the potential of endophytic fungi for the control of Moniliophthora perniciosa and Moniliophthora roreri, phytopathogens that cause Witches' broom disease and, respectively, in cocoa tree. The literature review consisted of searching Brazilian and international articles in databases and specialized sites (Google Scholar, SciELO, Web of Science and Portal de Periódicos da CAPES); and, also books, dissertations and theses. The scientific literature showed that biocontrol agents from genera Trichoderma and Clonostachys, which act by several mechanisms, including the mycoparasitism, are efficient tools for the control of these pathogens.

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Published

20-03-2019

How to Cite

AMORIM, A. O., ORLANDELLI, R. C., & PAMPHILE, J. A. (2019). CONTROL OF COCOA PLANT (Theobroma cacao L.) PATHOGENS BY FUNGAL ENDOPHYTES FROM GENERA Trichoderma AND Clonostachys. Uningá Review, 34(1), 1–10. Retrieved from https://revista.uninga.br/uningareviews/article/view/3139

Issue

Section

1st Section: Environment and Agricultural Sciences

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