Insertion of food sources of flavonoids in the National School Feeding Program: literature review
Keywords:Health, Healthy eating, functional food, schoolchildren
The supply of food for the school phase is essential for promoting growth and proper development. Students in brazilian public schools have the guaranteed right of access to food in the school environment through the National School Feeding Program (PNAE in Portuguese initials). Flavonoids are bioactive compounds of nutritional importance, mainly to prevent and/or combat chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD), which are the diseases that kill the most in the world and have increasingly affected children and adolescents. The aim of this article was to review the literature on nutrition from the insertion of flavonoid sources in the diet. A literature review was carried out based on the exploratory reading of full texts through the Scientific Electronic Library Online - Scielo, the Public Medline - PubMed database published from 2011 to 2021 and the documents linked to the Ministries of Education, of Health and the American Dietetic Association. In this review, in order to understand the theme, the conceptualization, the historical context and the purchase of food from the PNAE, the nutritional situation of schoolchildren in Brazil and the inclusion of flavonoids in school meals were addressed. It was concluded that food sources of flavonoids are relevant from a nutritional point of view for schoolchildren to prevent NCD and that they can be easily inserted into the school menu, as they meet all the requirements recommended by the PNAE and are easily accessible.
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