ENZYMATIC POTENTIAL OF ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI IN BIOFUELS PRODUCTION
Keywords:Bioethanol, Biodiesel, Bioprocesses, Endophytic fungi, Lignocellulosic biomass
The growing demand for renewable energy has stimulated the production of biomass-derived biofuels, with bioethanol and biodiesel forming eco-sustainable energy matrixes. Although the composition is highly origin-dependent, when subjected to appropriate pretreatment, biomass can provide a chemical basis for enzymes production. Endophytic fungi are commonly applied to biomasses as biological pre-treatments. Their ability to colonize environments undergoing constant metabolic interaction makes them favorable candidates for the production of extracellular enzymes with potential application in biofuels production. This review contextualizes biomass sources and provides a bibliographic survey of studies of endophytic fungal strains and molecular and bioprocess techniques for enzyme screening and production. The current study summarizes current knowledge of digestion of lignocellulosic biomass with endophytic fungi-derived enzymes and their capacity for catalyzing the esterification reaction, for ethanol and biodiesel production, respectively.
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