FOR SUCH AN ANCIENT DISEASE, A GLIMPSE OF PROMISING NEW TREATMENTS FOR CHAGAS DISEASE
Keywords:Chagas disease, innovatory, treatment, Trypanosoma cruzi
It has been more than 100 years since the discovery of Chagas Disease (CD). However, the repertoire indicated for its treatment is still limited. Thus, this article aims to present a review of the new pharmacological strategies being studied for CD. This literature review, consisting of 68 articles, from 1957 to 2021, was carried out on several scientific platforms. Positive effects from benznidazole have been described in the acute and chronic phases, in addition to its association with itraconazole in the acute phase. Among the cruzain inhibitors, the compound K777 presented trypanocidal effects, although demonstrating major adverse effects, while its analogue WRR-483 demonstrated great beneficial effects in vivo and in vitro. As for the nitroheterocyclics, fexinidazole showed high rates of cure in animal model, in addition to low toxicity. Nifurtimox, in early chronic stages, was able to delay the progression of tissue damage and reduce the parasite load. The compound WC-9, a squalene synthase inhibitor, showed potential inhibition of T. cruzi replication. Regarding aromatic diamidines, many compounds were able to stop the trypanosome, both in vitro and in vivo models. It was concluded that there are favorable findings to improve the treatment of CD. However, the development of effective new drugs does not only depend on their effective action, but also on numerous variables that must be circumvented, such as the reduction of side effects, treatment time and adherence to the current medication of choice, as well as the investment in production and distribution to the population.
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