EVALUATION OF THE ORAL HEALTH CONDITION IN HYPERTENSIVE AND DIABETIC PATIENTS ASSISTED BY THE DENTAL CLINICS OF ASCES / UNITA
Centro Universitário Tabosa de Almeida
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Systemic Arterial Hypertension (SAH) are systemic morbidities capable of compromising the quality of life of individuals, in addition, there is evidence in the literature of the bidirectional relationship between SAH and DM with oral health, such as high DMFT (Decayed, Lost or Filled Tooth) and periodontal disease, which is common in diabetic patients due to low immunity. This study aimed to evaluate the profile of hypertensive and diabetic patients assisted by the Dental Clinics of the Centro Universitário Tabosa de Almeida ASCES-UNITA, through an observational, field, exploratory and cross-sectional study, in patients seen in the first semester of 2018, which occurred through the collection of data on the general health of the patient, measurement of anthropometric data, blood pressure and glucose, evaluation of DMFT (Carious, Lost or Filled Teeth), and RPS (Simplified Periodontal Record). The study demonstrated a profile of diabetic and hypertensive patients like other studies, relating the loss of dental elements and diabetes and / or hypertension and advanced age. The sample presented several risk factors for the worsening of the clinical situation, such as high BMI (Body Mass Index), classifying it as overweight or obesity, in addition, a high DMFT was highlighted, pointing out the need for a multidisciplinary approach in order to improve the quality of life of assisted patients. There is a relationship between the loss of dental elements, diabetes and / or hypertension and old age, due to immune deficiency, lack of medical follow-up and hygiene and disease prevention instructions, also needing to expand access to dental services for this population.
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